Celebrated on April 13th or 14th every year Vaisakhi marks the Solar New Year and celebrates the spring harvests. It commemoriates the formathion of the Khala panth of warrions under Guru Gobind Singh, and is celebrated across by people from all faiths in Punjab.
The main celebration in the state of Assam, Bihu broadly refers to three festivals; Bohag Bihu in April, Kongali Bihu in Octover, and Magh Bihu in January. The Bohag Bihu is the most important of the three, as it celebrates the Assamese New Year and functions as the spring festival. The three festivals are Hindu practices meant to revere Lord Krishna, cattle, family, and fertility. The festival has come to coincide with other celebrations across East and South-East Asia, and is now a focal cultural event for all Assamese people across faiths.
On April 14th every year, Tamil people all over the world celebrate Puthandu. The day is set aside as family time, as household clean up the house, prepare traditional food, and visit local temples. People wear new clothes and children go to elders to pay their respects, and the family all eats together in a vegetarian feast.
Kerala’s New Year festival, Vishu, also falls on April 14th. Vishu literally means equal, as it is meant to symbolize the completion of the spring equinox. The festival is marked by its lack of pomp and extravagance. It is celebrated by the preparation of colourful, auspicious items, which are to be the first things seen on the Vishu day. The day also features fireworks, wearing new clothes, and a special meal called Sadya, which mixes salty, sweet, sour, and bitter items.
Buddhists and Hindus come together in Odisha to celebrate Pana Sankranti, again on April 14th. The festival is celebrated with visits to Shiva, Shakti, or Hanuman temples, as the date is considered Hanuman’s birthday. People bathe in rivers and at pilgrimage centers. Celebrations peak with the fire-walk, in which volunteers run over a bed of burning coals to cheering crowds and loud music in the background. A sweet drink made out of mango, milk, yogurt, and coconut called Pana is traditionally had, one of the sources of the festival’s name.